For the mystery of the ‘Bermuda Space Triangle’ where satellites break down and collapse

The mystery of the Bermuda Triangle has continued to draw attention to it around the world for centuries, with ships, planes and people disappearing without explanation.

The Bermuda Triangle in the so-called “Devil Triangle,” west of the North Atlantic, lies between Florida, Puerto Rico and Bermuda, and no one knows for sure why more than 50 ships and 20 planes have disappeared since the mid-19th century.

But that mystery isn’t just limited to Earth, as experts have long been puzzled by something similar in space that’s causing chaos in spacecraft that happen to enter the region.


All eyes have now turned to the so-called “Bermuda Space Triangle.” This region, officially known as the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA), can be found over the South Atlantic, stretching from Chile to Zimbabwe.


It is located at the point where the inner Van Allen Radiation Belt approaches the Earth’s surface, where the Earth’s magnetic field is particularly weak.


Although the Bermuda Space Triangle is not as extreme as causing spacecraft to disappear from the air, the large area has been blamed for some mysterious events, including disrupting equipment and thus putting astronauts at potential risk.


Unlike the Bermuda Triangle on the surface level, we may actually understand why the alien version of the Devil’s Triangle is harmful, and of course it’s not about any aliens.


In fact, there seems to be more intense solar radiation above that spot. This leads to an increase in active particles, which can damage communication satellites and other key equipment.

“I don’t like the Bermuda Space Triangle title, but in that region, the intensity of the low terrestrial magnetic field eventually causes satellites to be so exposed to active particles that spacecraft damage can occur as they cross the region,” John Tarduno, a professor of geophysics at the University of Rochester, told Space.


To protect them from potential damage, experts on Earth must turn off onboard electronic systems when they pass through the region, so that this anomaly does not end up destroying computers on board satellites and spacecraft and interfering with data collection.


This solution needs careful planning. For example, the Hubble Space Telescope, which is used to search for routes outside our solar system, passes through the region at an astonishing rate of 10 times a day, meaning a basic toolkit should be routinely turned off each time.


Scientists are concerned that the region is also growing and thus increasing problems in the distant future.

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