A number of psychologists and social scientists blame modernity, the changes it has imposed on humanity in the form and patterns of life and its challenges in the rapid spread of symptoms of exhaustion, such as depression and stress in general.
According to Aeon, the author of The History of Fatigue, Anna Chafner, states that the debate about exhaustion and exhaustion is due to comparing human emotional and cognitive needs to human energy levels, which have remained constant throughout history, while needs have finally increased very sharply.
Energy depletion methods: Human energy depletion methods of our time have increased as a result of new technologies. Email and mobile phones, for example, are tools that make employees always available, whether in rest and working hours.
This makes competition intense among everyone, making it difficult for employees to separate themselves from their jobs, so it’s no wonder everyone is exhausted.
What often goes unnoticed is that fears about burnout are not just the preserve of our time, those who imagine that life in the past was simpler and slower are wrong.
The experience of exhaustion and anxiety is not associated with a particular age; on the contrary, exhaustion and its effects on thinkers have existed since classical antiquity.
Fatigue in history: Fatigue is an experience everywhere and anytime according to Schaffner over the centuries, and medical, cultural, literary and biographical sources have shed light on exhaustion. For centuries writers, intellectuals and doctors counted exhaustion caused by an imbalance in the body’s biochemistry, viral disease, or spiritual pain.
It was also seen as linked to loss, planetary movement, desire to die, or social and economic disruptions. Fatigue is not only a physical experience but a mental, societal, cultural experience.
Theories about exhaustion are useful in knowing how people in the past viewed mind, body, and society, exhaustion theories address questions such as responsibility and willpower, and some theories see it as a form of weakness in the will.
Medieval theories revolve around factors such as loss of passion and sin, while modern theories blame individuals for mismanagement of their physical and mental health.
Boredom or loss of passion literally denotes “intention,” which the Middle Ages describe as boredom of the heart, and has been widely described in monks of antiquity and the early medieval period, where it was believed to be due to spiritual weakness, or succumbing to seducing demons.
Memoirs of St. John Cassian (360-435 AD) describes exhaustion as a state of loss of passion that affects the body with symptoms such as: fatigue of the body and appetite for food, as if it had returned from a long journey or fasting. “Imptly he cuts off the road back and forth, he suffers because none of his companions have visited him, goes out and enters his cell, talks to the sun for a long time, his mind is confused and paralyzed, his confusion takes up space from his mind that makes him idle and unable to practice spiritual rituals, there is no consol
Cassian describes the physical symptoms caused by exhaustion or boredom as a state of loss of passion, so a person experiences malaise like what the body experiences after a long fast or hard work.
He describes insomnia, lethargy, drowsiness and a number of symptoms that appear in all theories of stress throughout history, and others believe there are physical causes of fatigue.
In Greek times there were physical causes to blame, in modern times exhaustion is caused by external stimuli and stresses that cause chronic stress, as well as from a weakened immune system due to viral infections, or various forms of bioimbalance.
The disease of civilization in the 19th century, according to the discovery by the American doctor “George Bird” diagnosed a state of nervous exhaustion and its promise caused by civilization, due to modern-day characteristics such as permanent communication, the development of science and excessive mental activities.
Including the technical and social changes that have drained the energy reserves of both men and women, the modern environment, especially civil ones, exposes the senses to many stimuli, such as noise, lights and speed.
Beard believes that the nervous system cannot deal with this amount of chaos in signals sent to the nervous system, this theory is nothing new. Scottish doctor George Chain considered exhaustion a disease that produces lethargy, dullness and depression as a result of the rapid growth of wealth and a luxurious lifestyle unlike depression.
China believes that certain levels of fatigue are linked to external factors and more precisely work-related factors, in this way the greatest lack of attention to work and giving it too much time and effort.
In fact, work-induced burnout can be considered a social form of depression, or a problem directly related to the work environment and an individual’s location.
By analyzing the history of exhaustion, one can find several theories explaining the causes of exhaustion, because theories view it as simpler.
The constant concern for human energy loss stems from humans’ eternal concern about topics such as death, aging, and trying to develop theories and remedies for exhaustion is a tactic to counter our conscious inability to the reality of death.
In other words, it is a strategy to overcome our existential fears, which do not characterize modern-day man, but rather the characteristic of man throughout the ages.