Russians invent technology to extract beneficial protein from jellyfish

Rostov scientists are developing technology to produce collagen from jellyfish, and plan to use this useful substance in medicine and the cosmetics industry.

Scientists believe collagen from jellyfish will be less allergenic.

Scientists at Russia’s Don Technical University have created technology to extract a substance called collagen from jellyfish. This will not only lead to a high-quality product, but will also protect the Sea of Azov from the consequences of the annual invasion of jellyfish.

Collagen is a filamentous protein that forms the basis of connective tissue. Collagen accounts for about a third of all proteins in our bodies. It is one of the main components of joints, bones, hair, skin, nails and teeth. In addition, collagen forms the walls of veins, arteries and capillaries. Its name comes from the Greek word kolla, which translates as “gum.”

Scientists expect to get less allergenic collagen from jellyfish as the widely used protein from marine fish and livestock is not available to everyone. It can’t be eaten by everyone because of the sensitivity it may raise. While jellyfish are made up of water and proteins only unlike fish and cattle, there are no complex compounds in its bodies.

Alexei Ermakov, dean of the Faculty of Bioengineering and Veterinary Medicine, said collagen can be used in cosmetology, for example, as a component for injecting cosmetics, serums, masks, creams and gels. The new product will be useful for doctors as well.

“Regenerative medicine, collagen is used in skin transplantation in case of burns as well as for injections into joints that regain function,” he added.

To get collagen, scientists first separated the jellyfish dome from the probes. They rate collagen in its various parts, then treat it with a reagent, then the dome and claws are placed in a centrifuge to separate collagen from water and other proteins, and then add auxiliary substances to the extract to improve its physical properties.

In the result of the first studies, researchers plan to receive 15 milligrams of pure collagen. They will later try to bring the resulting materials to market by offering them to pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies.

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