The theory of technological uniqueness is that in a quarter of a century, non-biological intelligence will match the field and accuracy of human intelligence. It will then outperform it due to the continuous acceleration of information technology, as well as the ability of machines to share their knowledge immediately, immediately followed by the ability of the machine to (perceive) or (consciously) and reach a level of intelligence similar to that of humans and superior to that it evolves much faster than it.
Now, this was the definition of a theory in general that has a lot of endless branches, but the most associated personality with this concept now is Ray Kurzweil. Ray is a missionary, so to speak, of the concept of technological singularity and always tries to make his predictions based on solid scientific basis (as we will see later). Ray has a collection of books, lectures, films and even conferences and universities that discuss and prepare for this uniqueness.
But the phrase “technological singularity” did not appear because of Ray, this phrase appeared and became popular by science fiction writer Vernor Vinge and the word “singularity” exclusively describing the phenomenon of accelerated scientific development, which will eventually lead to unpredictable results used scientifically by physicist and mathematics Stanislaw Ulam in 1958.
This concept is one of the most frightening to man in fact, this has appeared in many recent literary writings in science fiction or in some very famous films such as The Matrix, Terminator or others. The important thing about the subject is that if we try to think cumulatively about the current technological development, we will really find that we are on the way and it is a matter of time in front of a huge amount of development in the worlds of artificial intelligence and nanotechnology.
This is not to say that the subject is necessarily inevitable, of course, and the subject is still in the field of assumptions that – even if scientific – are still looking for a lot of answers. The reality we live in, of course, and the huge development make us assume that it is inevitable and it is only a matter of time.
The age we live in is considered by some by the age of information, or the age of speed, and is distinguished from the industrial age by relying on computers that develop and increase in efficiency very quickly to perform many of our daily tasks and shorten time. Four to five decades ago, the size of the computer went from an area that occupies an entire room to become so small that it can be placed in the pocket, but the strange thing is that the smaller it is, the more powerful it is!
Gordon Moore, one of the founders of Intel, noted that they are developing rapidly and regularly, so that it is possible to double the number of transistors (which transmit electrical signals) in the processor every two years, which means increasing its power on data processing while maintaining cost stability. The processor had 240 transistors in 1965 and today the processor contains billions of transistors, which does not increase every two years, but multiply.
To add more transistors, we need to make them smaller, and to add more we need to be smaller again and so on, until they reach a size that we cannot continue to reduce, and Intel is trying to circumvent the problem of small size by making some changes to the way the processor is manufactured, so that it is now working on manufacturing a 3D processor so that you can add a larger amount of transistors to it.
Moore’s law is expected to last in force on transistors until 2020 and then move to so-called optical computing that uses photons (the smallest optical molecules) to store and transmit data.
This rapid development, which is increasing in its rate of speed every period of time, and some even believe that Moore’s Law now occurs every 18 months or every year and not every two years, will lead us in the future to what is the technological uniqueness predicted by Ray Krzwell, a specialist in the future, so that computers will be able to process information with the ability of the human mind until it reaches a stage of artificial intelligence in which it surpasses the human mind, and develops and improves themselves, because of its intelligence and capabilities that surpasses humans.
Ray Kurzweil with Impossible Expectations
On December 17, 2012, he took over the management of Google’s engineering department, and people called him “Edison’s legitimate heir.”
Ray Kurzweil, one of the leading inventors and future scientists, predicted that by 2033 there would be blood cell-sized computers. The vast growth in the power of processors, which are at the center of the work of computers, along with end-size technology, will lead to the emergence of microcomputers in size, thus diminishing the boundaries between imagination and reality.
Ray believes that the size of the computer will diminish over the next 25 years, and will be 100,000 times smaller than its current size. Science is now able to put a computer the size of a “Sudanese pistachio pill inside the brain, which is used to treat people with Parkinson’s disease to perform the function of nerves that the disease damaged.
Ray believes that with computers being able to increase the capacity of 1 billion times their capacity at the moment and reduce the volume a hundred times the volume today during the 25 years, it means access to blood-sized computers capable of entering our bodies to maintain our health and even reach the brain and then increase human intelligence. That is, with the production of such computers we will be able to access the full picture of the virtual world within our nervous system.
He is not only one of those people who just describe the future, he is one of those crazy who is trying to push the whole world to achieve that description as they see it.
The law of accelerated returns
For the past 30 years, Ray has been interested in how IT evolves and modally across the board, not just in the sense that it might come to mind that it’s limited to the internet.
Ray’s futuristic predictions are not really a prediction, they are results he got from his mathematical models, which he built based on this data, which showed a very important fact: technological development takes an experational rather than a (linear) direction, as the majority of people believe. That’s why, in his view, we fail to make accurate predictions about the future, or look to Ray’s predictions that they are too far away to happen.
Ray justifies this exponential nature of technological development by saying: We use the latest technology we have come up with to create the next, and so on, so the rate of technological growth accelerates a lot after a few steps, in what he calls the law of accelerated returns.
Ray gives us an example: Look at the world 500 years ago, a whole century could have passed without anything happening, now we are barely following what is happening in the world in six months!
Kurzil invented flat-based typesetting devices and devices that convert text into audible speech. “In the virtual world we do virtual business, we know and trade, but virtual reality is real reality and electronic games provide an example of what situations will be in the future, and we will have to spend more time in virtual environments,” the scientist is trying to paint a picture of the future.
“The new robot dubbed Nano-Robot will be computer-directed and swim in huge numbers in arteries and veins of all sizes, shapes or positions, to fix all kinds of health problems in muscles, bones or arteries,” he adds. Even this robot, as the dreamer eternity says, will be able to repair any imbalance in the body from head to toe through hair and nails.
The first is to keep humans fit enough to reach the second bridge, the technology and biology revolution. The third bridge humanity has to cross is the design and manufacture of nanorobot, which is no more than the size of a single blood pellet, and when hundreds or thousands of it is injected into the bloodstream, it can permanently eliminate diseases and rebuild body organs that need to be repaired and controlled.
Kurzweil expresses “confidence” that the world of tomorrow, where microrobots can curb pollution, where artificial intelligence exceeds natural human intelligence, and where man can “live forever without aging,” is inevitable. And before the middle of the 21st century. Kurzweil, 61, rightly believes that using advanced techniques and DNA he will be able to evoke his father Frederick, who died of a heart attack in 1970.
“The important issue is not only that something amazing will happen in 2045, but that ‘something extraordinary is happening now,’” Kurzweil says, trying to explain his theory in his book “In a future stage when the speed of technological change is super fast and its impact is very profound, human life will have changed in an irreversible way.” Then evolution and rapid change will have reached genetics, nanotechnology and robotics, in a way beyond imagination.