What is the subconscious mind?

Unconscious is a set of mental processes that occur below the level of conscious perception, encompassing the conscious mind; thoughts, feelings, cognition, and memories, while the unconscious contains many complex processes that fall within the scope of decision-making and judgments that are addressed outside the scope of consciousness, in addition to intuition based on assumptions, accumulated experiences, and knowledge. According to Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, unconscious processes may influence the behavior of individuals even though they cannot decide them.

The subconscious mind can be likened to an iceberg floating above the water. The clear and visible part of the iceberg represents conscious perception, while what cannot be seen from the surface and flooded with water represents the unconscious mind, which contains a huge amount of ice, and forms the largest part. The things that individuals are aware of can be considered the top of the iceberg only, while *Characteristics of the subconscious mind*

There are several characteristics of the subconscious mind, as follows:


▪︎ Logical and irrational thoughts exist in the subconscious mind.

▪︎ Subconscious thoughts have no certainty compared to conscious thoughts, nor are they arranged in chronological order.

▪︎ The subconscious is a highly complex system that operates according to laws.

*The role and impact of the subconscious mind*

The subconscious mind is a repository of human instincts, and is very similar to conscience, as it includes societal perceptions about correct behavior. Freud believes that the unconscious can be reached using psychoanalytic therapy. It is worth noting that the ideas presented by the subconscious mind may lead to many psychological problems, the most prominent of which are the following:

• Anger

• Bias

• Disorder and psychological distress.

• Obsessive or compulsive behaviors.

• Difficulty communicating and interacting with others.

• The presence of repressed memories and feelings, which usually lead to psychological problems.


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