Education

Which Language is Older Persian or Arabic

Is Persian different from Arabic? Many people think it’s the same. This is probably due to three main misconceptions. Both are used in the Middle East and are mostly written in the Arabic script used by Muslims. Arabic and Persian belong to two different language groups. Grammar and pronunciation are quite different, and although Persian has many words derived from Arabic, most of them are completely different. Persian is very similar to other foreign languages, especially English. But, on the other hand, Arabic belongs to a branch of the Semitic languages. Let’s differentiate these two languages ​​by clarifying the other areas! History and origins Persian and Arabic are two languages ​​spoken by people from two different cultures. From the ninth century, Arabic became the main language of religion, and Islam was introduced into the Persian lands, replacing medieval Persian in government and administration. By the end of the tenth century, most Persians had become Muslims. Later, in the 11th century, the language spread geographically to Central Asia. In the 20th century, medieval Persian became more popular. Ordinary Persians still speak some forms of medieval Persian, but many words derived from Arabic are new, especially in religious dictionaries. The grammatical structure of medieval Persian is different. And Arabic words to master Persian grammar. The grammatical structures of Arabic and Persian are very different from a grammatical point of view and have nothing in common. In terms of morphology, Arabic is known as a three-sided root system. Strict rules apply to the conjugation of verbs, noun suffixes, and word suffixes of all kinds, and the language is very complex, but it has many meanings. This system is not used in Persian and every word is just a word that looks much more organic than in Arabic. Persian has many suffixes and prefixes to use to form new words, and many words can be created from these principles. Both have different word orders. Arabic has the same words as English: subject-object-verb. But Persian, on the other hand, constructs sentences in subject-verb-object order. Arabs have two genders, but Persian-speaking families have no gender. In some regions, Persian dictionaries have synonyms available in several foreign languages. The Arabic vocabulary has many similarities with the Persian language. The Persian alphabet has four additional letters in addition to the Arabic alphabet. However, to date, much of the Persian dictionary still has Arabic roots.

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